- to leave or give up completely.
- The family abandoned their old house.
- The man abandoned his wife.
- The burnt building is abandoned.
- The bank robbers abandoned the car just outside the city.
- They abandoned the stolen car.
- They abandoned the plan.
- The search for the missing sailors was abandoned after two days.
- make less, become less,
- The storm abated.
- Yesterday I went to shopping so my money abated.
- talent or power for doing some things, knowledge to do something.
- My teacher has an ability to teach English.
- Small babies don’t have the ability to walk.
- She showed remarkable ability as an organizer.
- A person of his ability will have no difficulty getting a job.
- suddenly, unexpected,
- An abrupt change of plan.
- The arrival of the police brought the party to an abrupt end.
- certainly, completely,
- It is absolutely impossible for me to go.
- It was a wonderful film, wasn’t it? ‘absolutely’
- Tom was absolutely right to be angry with you.
- It is absolutely freezing outside.
- I absolutely refuse to believe that.
- He made absolutely no effort to help me.
- It is a good idea, isn’t it? Oh, absolutely!
- The manager’s lawyer has advised him to keep absolutely quiet.
- not as a real thing,
- She understand how to drive a car in abstract but still needs lots of practice before she takes test.
- exact and correct, without mistakes, exactly right,
- He managed to give the police an accurate description of the rubbers.
- That clock isn’t very accurate.
- It is difficult to estimate the age of these bones accurately.
- An accurate memory.
- to complete whatever we start in a best way, to finish successfully,
- He has achieved his ambition.(hedefine ulaştı)
- They have achieved a lot in a short time.
- You have achieved the success you deserve.
- to get, to work and gain for oneself,
- He acquired a knowledge of English.(biraz ingilizce öğrendi)
- Some people are only interested in the acquisition of wealth.
ağırlaşan, çokfazla; duyarlı
- very serious, very great,
- an acute shortage of food.
- Acute pain
- Dogs have an acute sense of smell.
- The report contains some acute observation on the situation.
- There is an acute shortage of teachers.(çok ciddi bir öğretmen sıkıntısı yaşanıyor)
- sufficient, enough, good enough.
- The amount of food he’s getting isn’t adequate for a growing child.
- The teaching at the school is adequate, but could be better.
doğruluğunu kabul etmek
- to confess, to tell the truth, to allow someone to enter, it must be admitted,
- I admit that I ate all the cookies on the table.
- Jill opened the door to admit the guest.
- This ticket admits one person ( bu bilet bir kişiliktir)
- He admitted that he had told a lie; I behaved stupidly; she admitted.
- The notice said ‘ No admittance’ (tabela içeri girilmez diyor)
- Admittedly, we don’t know all the facts yet.
- He refused to admit to the theft.
- You should admit your mistake.
- After trying four times to pass the exam, I finally admitted defeat.
- I have to admit (that) I was wrong.
- She admitted having broken the computer.
- The journalist tried to gain admittance to the minister’s office.
- The work is very interesting. Admittedly, I do get rather tired.
benimsemek; kabul etmek; evlat edinmek
- to take somebody’s child and treat him as one’s own child,
- Mr. and Mrs. Brown had no child of their own, so they adopted a baby.
- They couldn’t have children so they adopted.
- They are hoping to adopt a child.
- What approach did you adopt when dealing with the problem?
- The baby’s adoptive parents.
- They decided to adopt a baby girl.
- He adopted his friend’s ideas.
iş, olay mesele
- business, something to do, an activity, happening,
- Don’t touch the electric plug! It is electrician affair.
- I am coming from a school affair.
- The whole affair has been extremely unpleasant.
- What happened between us is my affair. I don’t want to discuss it.
- She is having an affair with her boss.
- The affair of the missing school boy; a sad affair.
- Financial affairs; what I spend my money on is my own affair (paramı nereye harcayacağım benim bileceğim bir iş)
- to have an influence on something to change it, to make you feel very sad or angry.
- The climate affects my health.
- Jill was affected by the sad film and she began to cry.
- Her personal problem seems to be affecting her work.
- This disease affects the brain.
- The whole community was affected by the terrible tragedy.
- Smoking can affect your health.
- Smoking can have a bad effect on your health.
- What you eat affects your health.
- She was deeply affected by the sight of the starving children.
bütçesi el vermek, yapabilmek.
- to have enough money to buy something, enough time to do something,
- I can’t travel by plane because I can’t afford the tickets.
- Sorry, I couldn’t afford the time to wash the dishes.
- We couldn’t afford a television in those days.
- I spent more money than I can afford.
- The other team was very good so we couldn’t afford to make any mistakes.
- We can’t afford to take a holiday.
- Shopkeepers can’t afford to be unfriendly to customers ( dükkan sahipleri müşterilerine karşı dostça olmayan bir şekilde davranamazlar)
- to make something worse,
- Jill is eating ice-cream; she will aggravate her weak stomach.
- His rudeness aggravated the situation.
- She was aggravated by his stupid questions.
- actions that start a quarrel, fight or war, angry feeling.
- Attacking some one without a reason is an act of aggression.
- People react to this kind of situation with fear or aggression.
yardim etmek, desteklemek
- Rich countries give aid to developing countries.
- To walk with the aid of stick.
- He had to go to the aid of a child in the river.
- Dictionaries and other study aids.
- We sent aid to the earthquake victims.
- A concert in aid of Children in Need.
- Sleep aids recovery from illness.
- He came to my aid when my car broke down.
- The blind man was aided by his dog.
- Money was collected in aid of the blind.
yabancı, ecnebi,kendine düşman etmek.
- foreign, from another country or race, strange and unfamiliar,
- Aliens are not welcome there.
dostluktan uzaklaşmak; yabancılaş(tır)mak
- to make someone dislike you,
- She aliened her friends and family by her rude and selfish behavior towards them
- The prime minister’s new policies on defense have alienated many of his supporters.
izin vermek; razı olmak; kabul etmek
- to let someone to do whatever wants,
- Children under eighteen are not allowed to buy alcohol.
- I’m afraid we don’t allow people to bring dogs into this restaurant.
- Photography is not allowed inside the cathedral.
- Visitors are not allowed / permitted to smoke in this area.
- I am only allowed out on Friday and Saturday nights.
- My contract allows me four weeks’ holiday a year.
- Working part-time would allow me to spend more time with my family.
- You should allow about 30 minutes for each question.
- The journey should take about two hours, allowing for heavy traffic.
- He allowed me to enter.
- Playing football in the street is not allowed.
- These figures allow for price rises.
- His father allows him 5 pound a week.
tahsisat; harçlık; ödün; (tic) indirim
- the money we get weekly, daily or monthly,
- Your baggage allowance for all flights is 20 kg. ( tüm uçuşlar için 20 kg bagaj hakkınız var.)
- Most flights have a 20kg baggage allowance.
- to change, to make different,
- Will you alter this dress to fit me?
- The town has altered a lot in the last two years.
- We have altered our plan, and will now arrive at 7.00 instead of 8.00.
- The village seems to have altered very little in the last twenty years.
- We want to make a few alterations to the house before we move in.
- to do better, to make no mistake, to correct or improve.
- You must make amends to jenny for breaking her doll.
- Among the town’s amenities are two cinemas and a sports centre.
- large, more than enough, plenty.
- There is ample space for four people.
- We have got ample time to make a decision.
- I am nor sure how much the trip will cost, but I should think 500$ will be ample.
- There is space for an ample car park.
canı sıkılmış, üzülmüş; kızmış
- to bother, feeling angry or slightly angry.
- The noise that comes from the street annoys me sometimes.
- Annoying habits.
- It really annoys me when you act so selfishly.
- Close the door if the noise is annoying you.
- I shall be extremely annoyed if he turns up late again.
- She is annoyed with herself for making such a stupid mistake.
- He is annoyed that nobody believes him.
- It is so annoying that there is no phone near here!
- His most annoying habit is always arriving late.
- His laziness annoyed his teacher.
- The loud background music was an add annoyance.
- She couldn’t hide her annoyance at his stupidity.( onun aptallığı karşısında duyduğu rahatsızlığını gizleyemedi.)
- My mother is annoyed with me
- He was annoyed at her untidiness.
- worry or fear about what may happen, wishing strongly, especially about the future.
- Forget about your anxieties, everything will be all right.
- I am anxious to go home.
- I am anxious about my exam.
- There are anxieties over the effects of unemployment.
- I began to get anxious when they hadn’t arrived at 9 o’clock.
- For a few anxious moments we thought we had missed the train.
- She is anxious about her father’s health.
- He is very anxious to help.
kolay anlaşılır; açık; gözle görülebilir; ortada
- easily seen, obvious, clean, evident,
- The mistake was quite apparent to all of us.
- The Clock Tower is apparent in distance.
- His apparent unwillingness.
- Apparently, he is not feeling well.
- It quickly became apparent to us that our teacher couldn’t speak French.
- Apparently, he has been married twice.
- He was apparently undisturbed by the news.
hoşa gitmek; rica etmek; temyiz etmek;cazibe
- to beg for, to refer the decision of a law court to a higher court and asking them to change it, to be pleasing, request for help, attraction,
- She appealed to him for help.
- He appealed against a three-year prison sentence.
- This place appeals to me.
- A last appeal for help.
- The judge rejected his appeal.
- An appealing smile.
- Pop music has no appeal for me.
- Relief workers in the disaster area are appealing for more help and supplies.
- She appealed to the kidnappers to let her son go.
- The idea of living in the country doesn’t appeal to me at all.
- We aim to appeal to people’s generosity.
- He decided to appeal against his conviction.
- The player fell down and appealed for a penalty.
- The police have made an urgent appeal for witness to come forward.
- The idea of a lying on a beach sounds very appealing!
gözükmek; ortaya cıkmak; gibi görünmek
- to show oneself entering to somewhere that people can see, the look of someone, to come into view, to begin to exist, to be invented, to arrive, to seem,
- She suddenly appeared at the door.
- He had such a big nose, so he wasn’t sure of his appearance.
- A man suddenly appeared round the corner.
- She appears to be very happy in her job.
- It appears that you were given the wrong information.
- The bus appeared from round the corner.
- The disease is thought to have appeared in Africa.
- The article appeared in this morning’s paper.
- Nylon stocking appeared just after World War.
- He appeared in time for dinner.
- He is appearing on television today.
- It appears that is wrong
- He appears to be wrong.
- From his appearance he seemed very wealthy.
takdir etmek; degerlemek; farkina varmak
- to feel good about something, to be grateful to someone who did something good for us, to know the value of something, to be grateful for something, to understand,
- Mary is appreciated by the music.
- I appreciate you for taking me home.
- My boss doesn’t appreciate me.
- I don’t appreciate good coffee – it all tastes the same to me.
- I appreciate your problem but I am afraid I can’t help you.
- Thanks very much. I really appreciate your help.
- I am afraid I have little appreciation of modern architecture.
- We bought him a present to show our appreciation for all the work he had done.
- I appreciate the help you have given me.
- I appreciate all your hard work.
- Mothers sometimes complain that their children don’t appreciate them enough.
- He doesn’t appreciate poetry.
- I appreciate your difficulties but I cannot help.
- We appreciate that you will want to consult your family before making a decision.
- to come near, friendly, able to be reached,
- She approached me to tell something.
- The day of the exam approached.
- When you approach the village you will see a garage on your left.
- What is the best way to approach this problem?
- I’m going to approach my bank manager about a loan.
- Parents don’t always know what approach to take with teenage children.
- The company has made an approach to us for financial assistance.
- She approached me and asked what the time was.
- Christmas is approaching.
- The boys ran off at the approach of a policeman.
- The village is not approachable by road.(köye kara yoluyla gidilemez.)
onaylama; uygun bulma ; izin
- agreeing to something, feeling showing or saying that you think is good.
- Their plan met with her approval.
- Everybody gave their approval to the proposal.
- She was full of approval for his new apartment.
- Their initial wariness was replaced by warm approval.(baştaki ihtiyatlı tutumlarının yerini sıcak bir bekleyiş aldı.)
- She bought some shoes on approval. [ on approval ] begenilmediğinde geri vermek şartıyla
uygun bir şekilde; yerinde; meyilli
- likely, clever, quick to learn, right to use, suitable, natural talent in a particular subject,
- Give an apt answer to my question.
- My sister has an aptitude for painting.
- I thought ‘complex’ was an apt description of the book.
- He is apt to get angry if you ask a lot of questions.
- to put in order, to decide on something, to plan or fix, the result of arranging, a plan or preparation.
- I will arrange my books on the shelf.
- We have to arrange a date for our meeting.
- Arrange these books in alphabetical order.
- The books were arranged in alphabetical order.
- Arrange the chairs in a circle.
- She arranged the flowers in a vase.
- We are arranging a surprise party for Asia.
- She arranged to meet Stuart after work.
- She arranged for her mother to look after the baby.
- She arranged the flowers in a vase.
- We have arranged a meeting for next week.
- I have arranged to meet him tomorrow.
- Come round this evening and we will make arrangements for the party.
- They have an arrangement to share the cost of the food.
- We both need to use the computer so we will have to come to some arrangement.
- They’ve finally come to an arrangement about sharing the money.
- Have you made any arrangements for a meeting with him?
- A flower arrangement.
- judge the quantity or quality of something, to estimate the value or cost of something, judge or form an opinion about something, to guess or decide the amount or value of something.
- The damage done by the fire was assessed at half a million pounds.
- It is too early to asses the effects of the price rises.
- To asses the cost of repairs.
- I made a careful assessment of the risks involved.
yararlı kişi, hazine, nitelik
- anything useful or valuable; an advantage,
- Good pupils are a great asset to the school.
- She is a great asset to the organization.
.. ile bağdaştırmak; çağrıştırmak; işbirliği yapmak
- to be a partner of someone who has the same interest that we have, group of people with same interests and ideas, club, society, joining or connected,
- He always associated the smell of tobacco with his father.
- After school the pupils have time to associate with each other
- She joined the Drama Association.
- I always associate the smell of the sea with my childhood.
- We work in association with our New York office.
varsaymak,gibi görünmeye çalışmak
- to suppose, to take on, to believe that something must be true, to presume, to take upon yourself, to put on a particular appearance,
- I assumed that I will finish school and begin to work.
- John assumed to do his friend’s job for two days because he was ill.
- I assume that you have the necessary documents.
- Everyone assumed Ralph was guilty.
- We will work on the assumption that guest will be hungry when they arrive.
- It is unfair to make assumptions about a person’s character before you know them.
- I assume that you can all spell your names correctly.
- He assumed the duties of leader.
- He assumed a look of horror.
- Let’s assume that we can hold the meeting on 8 may-what shall we discuss at it.(toplantıyı 8 mayısta yapacağımızı düşünelim. Bu toplantıda neyi tartışacağız?)
- to put or join together, to love very deeply, fasten or join something to something else,
- I found a pin on the floor and attached it on the curtain.
- The research centre is attached to the university.
- Don’t attach too much importance to what they say.
- I attached a label to my bag.
- I am very attached to my brother.
- My camera has a flash and several other attachments.
- There was a strong attachment between the two cousins.
girişmek, kalkışmak, teşebbüs etmek
- to try, an attack,
- I attempted to calm her but she was very angry.
- She accused of attempted murder. (= She didn’t succeed ).
- Don’t attempt to make him change his mind.
- The thief made no attempt to run away.
- I failed the exam once but passed at the second attempt.
- They failed in their attempt to reach the North Pole.
- This is my first attempt to drive a car.
- He attempt to climb up the cliff but he did not succeed.
- He did not attempt the last question in the exam.
- She made no attempt to run away.
- There has been an attempt on the President’s life.
katılmak, hazır bulunmak,kulak vermek,ilğilenmek
- to be present at, to be at somewhere, to go to, to give attention to something, to listen, to deal with something, to look after someone, a person whose job is to look after something,
- Are you going to attend the meeting tonight?
- Do you attend church regularly?
- The children attend the local school.
- Please attend to his matter immediately.
- Attendance at lectures is compulsory.
- There was a poor attendance at the meeting.
- He attended the meeting.
- He will attend school till he is sixteen.
- Attend carefully to what the teacher is saying!
- I’ll attend to that problem tomorrow.
- Two doctors attended her.
- His attendance at school was poor because he was often ill.(devam etme,gitme)
- There was a doctor in attendance at the road accident.( yol kazasında, yaralılara bir doctor müdehale etmişti.)
- A car park attendant ( bakıcı, görevli,bekçi)
dikkat; ilgi; özen; bakım
- act of carefulness, notice, care, concentration,
- The students paid attention to teacher (they listened to him carefully)
- I shouted in order to attract her attention.
- Shy people hate to be the centre of attention (the person that everybody is watching)
- The hole in the roof needs urgent attention.
- He tried to attract my attention.(dikkatimi çekmeye çalıştı.)
- Pay attention to your teacher. (öğretmenine aklını ver/dikkat et.)
- That broken leg needs urgent attention.
- He stood to attention.(hazırolda durdu.)
- The children were very attentive when the teacher was speaking.
- to have force to draw something closer, to get attention, to cause interest, to cause something to come towards something or someone else, the power of attracting, pleasant,
- A magnet attracts some metals.
- Pretty dresses attract women.
- Mary is an attractive girl (she is pretty)
- I waved to attract the waiter’s attraction.
- Moths are attracted to light.
- The new film has attracted a lot of publicity.
- A magnet attracts iron.
- I tried to attract her attention.
- I was attracted by her nice smile.
- The attractions of the hotel include a swimming pool.
- The city offers all kinds of tourist attractions.
yetki, yetkili kimse,makam,güvenilir
- a power to give commands and orders, the power or right to do something, a person who is an expert on a particular subject, the person who have power in a city,
- A judge has authority to send a criminal to prison.
- Children often begin to question their parent’s authority at a very early age.
- You must get this signed by a person in authority.
- The police have the authority to question anyone they wish.
- He was sacked for using a company vehicle with authority.
- I have to report this to the authorities.
- He spoke with authority and everybody listened.
- He is an authority on criminal law.
- He gave me authority to collect his money.
- He is an authority on twentieth century art.
- The local planning authority.
- that can be found or got, able or ready to be obtained, used or bought,
- All the fruits are available at a grocery store.
- This information is easily available to everyone at the local library.
- Refreshments are available at the snack bar.
- This minister was not available for comment.
- The hall is available on Saturday night.
- All the available money has been used.
- Tickets are now available at the box office.
sakınmak; kaçınmak; görmezlikten gelmek,önlemek
- to keep away from something unpleasant, to keep away from a place, person or thing, to prevent, to find ways of not doing something,
- If you drive carefully, you avoid accidents.
- He always tried to avoid an argument if possible.
- She has to avoid eating fatty food.
- I leave home at 7 o’clock in order to avoid the rush hour.
- He drove carefully to avoid the hotels in the road.
- Speak loudly and clearly to avoid any confusion.
- He frequently managed to avoid doing the washing-up.
- an illness, usually not serious or dangerous
- to try to hit, to direct a gun, an ideal someone wishes to come true, to point something
- The hunter aimed his gun towards the flying birds.
- Jill’s aim is to be good at sports.
- He aimed his gun at the thief.
- Our aim is to open offices in Paris and Roma before the end of the year.
- His only aim in life is to make money.
- She picked up the gun, took aim and fired.
- Jo’s aim was good and she hit the target.
- We aim to leave after breakfast.
- The company is aiming at a 25% increase in profit.
- You should always aim for perfection in your work.
- The advertising campaign is aimed at young people.
- The new laws are aimed at reducing heavy traffic in cities.
- He aims at finishing his painting tomorrow.
- We aim to please our costumers.
- My aim is to become prime minister.